Murray cod (Maccullochella peelii peelii), with its densely marbled flesh, has a strong following among Chinese and Vietnamese communities and a long-standing reputation at the top end of the seafood market.
Dunkeld Trout Hatcheries leverages its location in South Africa to supply off-season demand from the other side of the equator.
Justin Henry thinks he’s got some pretty good fish eggs for sale. Northern Divine Aquafarms produces certified organic, fertilized, female monosex, coho salmon eggs. “I think we are the only company in the world doing this,” says Henry, the General Manager of Northern Divine, based in Sechelt, just north of Vancouver, British Columbia in Canada.
Red sea bream (Pagrus major) has been eaten in Japan for at least 5,000 years. It's featured prominently in festive occasions because the Japanese word for the species, madai, sounds like medetai, meaning auspicious or joyous. It's also an important species for Japan's commercial aquaculture sector. Its fast growth rate and ability to spawn naturally in captivity makes it economically advantageous and particularly attractive.
The Beluga sturgeon (Huso huso Linnaeus, 1758) has a decreasing population trend and is classified as critically endangered in the Black- and Azov seas, and regionally extinct in the Adriatic Sea. It is extirpated from the upper parts of almost all the European spawning rivers (e.g. Danube, Dniester, Dnieper, Don, Kuban, Terek and Volga) mainly because of overfishing and dams that block migration routes.
Sunland Hatchery is set in idyllic surroundings near Lake Cootharaba on Queensland’s Sunshine Coast. The hatchery (established in the ‘70s) spawned Australian native species and raised them for private and public stockings, and once was the country’s largest producer of Australian bass (Macquaria novemaculeata).
‘Río Pescado’ (River Fish, in Spanish) is one of the oldest hatcheries in Chile and the first to operate in the region of Los Lagos, in the heart of the local salmon industry.
“Our original stock was created by making crosses between many different types of regional African catfish strains which we gathered from all over Africa,” says Fleuren and Nooijen co-owner, Bert-Jan Roosendaal.
Mysis diluviana, a non-native species, was introduced into Okanagan Lake in British Columbia during the early 1960s in hopes that it would help support a dwindling Kokanee (landlocked sockeye salmon) sport fishery.
High among the Andean mountains of Peru, at 3100m (10,230 ft), in the cordillera popular with visiting mountaineers and hikers, is the small village of San Bartolommeo de Acopalca. It has a population of about 225 families.
Lucky Clays Fresh was launched in 2011 at Norwood, North Carolina when owner Judy Carpenter expanded her existing farm to include a demonstration sized aquaponics system.
The Finlayson family—patriarch Wayne and sons Brad and Shaun—of Bagdad, 40km north of Hobart, Tasmania are building a recirculating aquaculture system to grow-on eels (Anguilla australis) captured in the wild.
The European Percid Fish Culture (EPFC) group is a thematic working group within the European Aquaculture Society (EAS) that has, for the first time, organized a hands-on workshop focusing on the out-of-season reproduction of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca).
Soy peptides (SP) can be used to enhance the immune response and survival of juvenile Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) under heat stress, according to a recent study.
University of Maine assistant professor of marine biology and aquaculture Dr Heather Hamlin has been studying why the survival rate of salmon eggs in hatcheries has declined by as much as 50% in the last 18 years. And now Hamlin and Ph.D. candidate LeeAnne Thayer may have gone some distance to solving the problem.
Wild Chinook salmon play a significant role in commercial, recreational and First Nations wild harvests in western Canada. These harvests, however, have been decreasing due to warming waters and shifting population ranges - both results of climate change. Since the 1990s, declines in Pacific salmon populations have led to a reduction the total value of the commercial catch in BC from $263M to $24M.
A project to address one of the key challenges faced by Scotland’s salmon farmers is underway, supported by grant funding from the Scottish Aquaculture Innovation Centre (SAIC) and UK research council BBSRC.
The island state of Tasmania is arguably Australia’s aquaculture heartland. The industry generates 30% of the nation’s total seafood production of AU$2.5billion. Of this, $25m comes from the production of edible oysters. But more significantly, Tasmania produces 95% of the Pacific Oyster (Crassostrea gigas) seedstock for the domestic industry, which is spread across New South Wales, South Australia and Tasmania. Consequently the hatchery sector has found itself playing an important role in the development of better performing and disease-resistant genotypes for a good segment of the Australian Pacific oyster sector.
A new genetic tool, designed to enable oyster farmers to select breeding stock according to both disease resistance and yield benefits, is at an advanced stage of development at the University of Edinburgh’s Roslin Institute.
The most effective method of gender manipulation to create all-female stocks of southern flounder uses a combination of UV irradiation to denature genetic input from male southern flounder prior to egg activation, followed by a pressure shock.
Collecting queen conch eggs from several females is a key factor to ensure variation in the offspring from an experimental hatchery in the Bahamas notes a recent study.
Selective breeding of aquatic species has economic benefits coming from increased productivity, better utilization of natural resources, as well as improved welfare of the animals.
Sea urchins are a favourite menu item for sushi consumers in Japan, especially on Okinawa, where collector urchins (Tripneustes gratilla) grow naturally but are now seriously over-fished.
One of the major challenges to fish-farming companies as they try to produce market-size fish more rapidly is that in many species the natural development of reproductive organs (testes and ovaries) – diverts energy away from growing, causing the growth rate to slow.
Illegal fishing of one of Mexico’s best recognized fish, triggered in no small part by Chinese demand for maws (swim bladders), has sent the iconic totoaba to the edge of extinction in that region.
The Great American Aquaculture (GAA) company in Waterbury, Connecticut is finishing off initial development of what it claims will be one of the largest recirculating-saltwater aquaculture facilities in the northeast United States.
A group of private investors recently commissioned the Varvarynsky Fish Farming facility in Azerbaijan, reportedly the largest hatchery in the country, designed for rearing up to 50 million sturgeon fry per year.
The Canadian division of the world’s largest salmon producer will soon have spent more than $40 million to build seven recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) at its land-based freshwater hatcheries near Sayward, British Columbia in western Canada.
The survival rate of walleye larvae in RAS increases when micro-diffusers and oil absorbent socks are used, according to a study by Laramée et al, Development of techniques to promote gas bladder inflation of walleye (Sander vitreus) larvae in intensive recirculating aquaculture system.
Recirculating aquaculture systems (RASs) are evolving towards even higher levels of water recycling and water efficiency. This was the message presented by Dr. Dallas Weaver from Scientific Hatcheries, Huntington Beach, California, at the Recirculating Aquaculture Conference held last August in Roanoke, Virginia.   Weaver and his colleagues Mark Francis and Jimmy Williamson from Aquaneering, Inc. San Diego, California; and Conal True from Universitad Autónomia de Baja California, Ensenada, Mexico, have designed, built, tested and installed a denitrification system geared to service multiple RAS systems while maintaining biosecurity between them.
You don’t have to be Einstein to realize that hatchery production underwrites aquaculture. Without reliable sources of seedstock, the supply chain of aquaculture products would have more gaps than a politician’s promise.
The snapping shrimp, aka pistol shrimp, can literally shoot its prey. Using a plunger on its enormous claw, it can shoot water at 70mph/115kpm. This water velocity creates a vacuum pressure pocket that takes gas out of solution, and expands it rapidly. The resulting explosion of gas bubble generates light, sound (210 dB), and shockwaves that can kill or stun its prey.
The development of a new salmon egg production facility in Norway has been unveiled by SalmoBreed and Salten Stamfisk, committing the two companies to the joint-venture creation of a 100 million ova-a-year unit, set for first-phase completion by autumn 2017.
The Norwegian firm of Niri recently announced the establishment of a large land-based salmon RAS in Scotland.
With many farms moving the vital components of their production indoors the cost of power is becoming a major issue. Situated 250km southwest of Sydney near the township of Tarago, the French company Veolia is using methane from household garbage to generate enough power for 12,000 homes, plus run a demonstration barramundi growout and aquaponics program at their Woodlawn Eco-Project.
The Russian city of Kostroma is located at the confluence of the Volga and Kostroma Rivers, about 700km northeast of Moscow. It has a population of about 270,000.
The Philippines’ perennial shortage of milkfish fry may find its resolution in the National Broodstock Development Program (NBDP), an initiative of the Department of Agriculture – Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources through the National Fisheries Research and Development Institute (NFRDI).“A broodstock development program is considered one of the limiting factors faced by many industry stakeholders. This may be addressed with the help of the government by establishing a broodstock development facility which will cater to the needs of interested stakeholders for their broodstock requirements by operating a breeding and hatchery facility,” Francisco Santos, OIC-Chief at the Aquaculture R&D Division of the NFRDI, told Hatchery International.“With the increased number of hatcheries operating in the locality, producing and obtaining juveniles for aquaculture use is seen to have greater feasibility and economic viability,” Santos said.NBDP, which has been approved but not yet signed, covers the stock inventory of existing breeders, hatchery facilities and manpower, selection and upgrading of broodstock, development of breeders, screening and identification of program recipients, upgrading of knowledge and skills through training and technical staff.“While milkfish is important, its production has been hindered by various problems. Among the most critical of these is the limited supply of fry,” he said.Based on 2015 figures, the milkfish requirements of the Philippines was estimated at 2.5 billion fry. Private and government hatcheries supplied only one billion. The rest were either imported, mostly from Indonesia, or were wild fry.
The Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research (FFAR) is a nonprofit organization established by the United States’ Congress in the 2014 Farm Bill. Remarkably for these times, there was bipartisan congressional support for the organization and the activities it supports, which include aquaculture.
As the arms race to develop more efficient and effective live feeds for hatchery applications continues Norway’s Planktonic AS has developed a unique approach which they say could be a game-changer for the industry.
Searching for better ways to preserve sperm from southern flounder, particularly wild sourced, researchers in the United States found that vitrification of flounder sperm can successfully be used to fertilize female eggs.
Larval nutrition is a complex part of the aquaculture industry, especially if one thinks of shrimp or marine fish nutrition.
A fish or shellfish hatchery uses many different fluids: Oxygen, air, fuel, water and more. Pumping or delivering these fluids through pipes, hoses, tanks and treatment systems provide a myriad of opportunity for leaks to develop and for costs to climb.
At the Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture held last August in Roanoke, Virginia, Nick King of the Fish Vet Group in Portland, Maine presented a plea for better fish health management in marine hatcheries.
A serious problem may be emerging for fish hatcheries in the United States, according to Al Barney, hatchery manager with the Nisqually Tribal Hatchery in Olympia, Washington. It’s due to increasingly restrictive regulations from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) concerning the chemicals that may be used to treat water for fish farming.
Sir Sandford Fleming School of Natural Resource Sciences in Lindsay, Ontario, Canada is home to the Lake Simcoe Muskellunge Restoration Project’s muskellunge hatchery. Here, nestled in rural Ontario, hatchery technician Mark Newell has pioneered the techniques to successfully raise this challenging species in a hatchery setting.
Mainstream Aquaculture has been at the forefront of innovation in the modern aquaculture industry. Focussing on barramundi (Lates calcarifer), the Australian company has become the world’s largest supplier of seedstock, and now exports to 21 countries.
The cultivation of high quality, highly priced fish such as pike-perch (Sander lucioperca) is gaining more interest. Nevertheless, the goal of sustainability is only reached if their life cycle is successfully completed under culture conditions, including reproduction and larviculture.
Any sushi lover will tell you that salmon and rice are an ideal combination.….
The Inner Bay of Fundy Atlantic Salmon were declared endangered in 2003. Of the more than 40 rivers that were home to the species, mostly have none now.
The Apache trout is named for the people and the place that are intertwined with one another. The yellow trout ornamented with black spots, white-tipped fins, and a raccoon-like eye mask lives naturally only in the headwaters of the White, Black, and Little Colorado rivers near the New Mexico border. These waters harbor some of the last remaining populations of this pretty trout found nowhere else but in streams that rim the White Mountains of Arizona.
Three hatcheries from Krasnodar Krai in Russia will release 500,000 sturgeon fry per year, or 1.5 million in total, to the Kuban River and Azov Sea from 2017 to 2019, partly to help mitigate damage done by construction of the Kerch Strait Bridge.
Hokkaido’s hatchery stock enhancement program began in the late 19th century and has continued for over 120 years. The first facility to be constructed was the Chitose Central Salmon Hatchery, built in 1888 on a tributary of the Ishikari River in northwestern Hokkaido.
The Whiskey Creek Shellfish Hatchery at Netarts Bay in Tillamook Oregon produces a third of all oyster larvae on the West Coast of the US, according to Alan Barton, Production Manager. It is the state’s only shellfish hatchery. Owner-operator, Sue Cudd confirmed for HI that 2016 was the hatchery’s best year yet for production of oyster spat. After such a banner year, it could be hard to forget that the operation nearly shut down a decade ago.
A new $4+ million research project in British Columbia, Canada will result in identification of genes that will help trout better survive future conditions, including warmer lake water temperatures and perhaps higher alkalinity.
Late last fall, the US Fish and Wildlife Service working with its partner agencies, the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish and the US Forest Service, released two age classes of Gila trout into Mineral Creek ranging up to a foot long.
Inhabiting the cool, fast flowing reaches of the Murray River and her tributaries, the ecological niches of the trout cod and Macquarie perch have been disrupted by agriculture and forest clearing, and their migratory routes blocked by dam construction.
“When I first started growing oysters in Willapa Bay in 1979, we could put out shells and collect seed,” recalls Dave Nisbet, owner of Goose Point Oyster Company. “That’s the way I built up my business.”
Most of Ontario’s native freshwater mussel species have a unique life history that includes a parasitic larval stage known as glochidia. To complete their life cycle these glochidia need to attach themselves to the gills of host fish where they embed and eventually metamorphose into fully formed juvenile mussels.
The UK energy supplier, Scottish and Southern Energy Plc (SSE), recently completed a £750,000 salmon hatchery investment in Scotland to honour its commitment to ensure that its hydro schemes don’t result in the reduction of local wild salmon stocks.
Troutlodge’s European Rainbow trout egg production sites lie within the British Isles on the independently governed Isle of Man. The island’s status is that of a self-governing Crown dependency, but via the UK’s current membership in the EU it is considered part of the customs territory of the European Union, facilitating trade and stock movements.
BioMar reports that it has consolidated a team of dedicated hatchery specialists in order to further develop the company’s hatchery feed products.
Cooperation between the Natural Resources Institute Finland and IT company Vatjus-Micro Ltd has produced a real-time broodstock management application that they claim is both cost- and time-effective.
AquaGen recently reported that it has opened a Scottish office at Stirling University Innovation Park. The opening marks a strengthening of the market efforts and technical support for its customers in Scotland and Ireland.
Late in October Benchmark announced that its first commercial-scale batch of antigen has been processed at its facility in Braintree, UK.
Finfish and shrimp hatcheries deal with some of the most complicated life-cycle phases of any farmed organism and this poses a challenge that can only be successfully met with the right knowledge and experience.
By 1979 Cameron's had built and operated the first commercial oyster hatchery in the Southern Hemisphere and in 1980 the company commenced development of the first commercial production system in Australia for the growing of oysters in deep water.
The strains that the researchers have produced include Tetraselmis sp., Chaetoceros calcitrans, Nannochloropsis sp. and Chlorella vulgaris, all in paste form, according to Soledad Garibay, project head for UPV-CFOS Improvement of Microalgae Paste Production for Aquaculture.
Seafood investor Broodstock Capital recently signed an agreement with Billund Aquakulturservice A/S (“Billund Aquaculture”) to become a majority shareholder with a 51% ownership share. Billund Aquaculture Chile S.A (“Billund Chile”) will be part of the new group.
Senect GmbH of Landau, Germany has developed aquaculture control technology which measures water parameters and controls processes - combined with online access and alarming on smartphone, tablet or PC.
Pacific Trading Aquaculture of Dublin, Ireland recently released information about a new larval feed for cleaner fish, specifically lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus).
Benchmark’s Fish Vet Group in Chile recently announced that it will join the list of official fish health laboratories recognized by the country’s National Fisheries and Aquaculture Service (Sernapesca). This means that in addition to performing the usual clinical examinations, the laboratory can now make the appropriate official analysis for specific Sernapesca programs related to major disease challenges in the production of salmonids.
YSI offers an App for monitoring water quality in a variety of aquaculture applications.  The AquaViewer II displays real time sensor and auxiliary data acquired from YSI continuous monitoring and control instruments (5200A, 5400 and 5500D).

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