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Indonesian research proposes green supply chain strategies for carp hatcheries

April 11, 2024  By Hatchery International staff

Researchers have developed a conceptual framework and strategies for Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) in carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) hatcheries.

According to the research paper by Resmilia Anugrah, GSCM in aquaculture is limited even though it is important in sustainable aquaculture owing to environmental concerns and to achieve responsible management. 

This study was conducted in private hatcheries in four villages in Ciparay District, West Java, Indonesia, including Sagaracipta, Pakutandang, Bumi Wangi, and Cikoneng, from December 2022 to June 2023.

The GSCM strategy was developed through observation and interviews with farmers, questionnaire dissemination to farmers for green supply chain operational reference (SCOR) – Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) scoring and formulation using findings from green SCOR-AHP, of development strategies using SWOT and Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM) analysis for GSCM strategy development. All the results were analyzed by looking for similarities in the data.


The observations at the cultivation site suggested the need to develop GSCM in the aquaculture industry.

“Carp hatchery farmers highlighted a significant environmental influence on cultivation, with minimal interventions in the supply chain leading to a drastic decline in production,” information from the paper reads.

Green SCOR-AHP analysis showed underperformance in existing supply chain management in meeting GSCM standards.  Making it important to formulate strategies to enhance industrial sustainability by implementing GSCM. 

The performance of the GSCM in carp hatcheries was marginal and required improvement. The improvement was addressed using 12 alternative strategies categorized into environmental collaboration, green manufacturing, and investment recovery. The strategies developed in the SWOT analysis are expected to improve GSCM practices and achieve good or excellent performance.

“Although farmers prioritize the GSCM process, in line with previous research, the practical implementation of supply chain management in the carp hatchery industry reveals marginal performance, indicating underperforming supply chain management processes,” the paper states.

“GSCM performance can be improved through the implementation of 12 alternative strategies that have been developed. However, in its application, farmers can prioritize strategies for each essential aspect of the GSCM.”

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